1.4.1       
National
Disaster Management Act

 

Approved by the Parliament in 2010, the National Disaster Management Act
succeeded the National Disaster Management Ordinance, which was promulgated in
2006 through a Presidential order. The Act provides for administratively
autonomous multi-tiered institutional arrangements in Pakistan to develop and
facilitate the implementation of Disaster Management (DM) policies, plans, and
strategies through various legal instruments. The Act enumerates structures,
powers and functions of policy and decision-making bodies at federal,
provincial and district level for disaster risk management. It assigns the
provincial and local governments with the basic responsibility of undertaking
activities related to mitigation, preparedness, response and post-disaster
recovery and reconstruction.

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1.4.2       
National
Disaster Risk Reduction Policy

 

Approved by the Federal Cabinet in
2013, the National Disaster Risk Reduction Policy (NDRRP) of Pakistan provides
a guiding framework for reducing disaster risk including climate change within
the context of prevention, mitigation and preparedness. It
takes guidance from the Hygo Frame work of Action and National Disaster
Management Act, 2010. It spells out detailed mechanism and prerequisites for
promoting disaster risk reduction, environmental and climate change sensitive
development planning by developing knowledge base at individual and
institutional level. Moreover, the disaster risk redution policy adopts a
multi-hazard approach and promotes the integration of disaster risk reduction strategies
across social, economic, physical/development and human resource sectors at
planning stage to share knowledge and reduce risk.

 

1.4.3       
National
Disaster Management Plan

 

Approved in
2013, the 10-year National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) aims at strengthening
preparedness and risk reduction capacities in line with the provisions of the
National Disaster Management Act, 2010. With an estimated cost of USD 1040.9
million, National Disaster Management Plan seeks to implement a range of
measures, which include the undertaking of macro-level risk assessment,
strengthening of early warning system, defining roles and responsibilities of
both public and private sector stake-holders for disaster risk management at
the national, provincial and local levels, and strengthening community based
disaster risk management. It also provides strategic direction for human
resource development as well as the operational plan for National Institute of
Disaster Management.