A method through the process by which a woman consents to
carry a pregnancy for some other persons in a case where pregnancy is
impossible to be carried on medically is what is termed as surrogacy. A woman
who carries a child for some other person is known as a surrogate mother. Generally
the reason for opting a surrogate mother is when the other person is unable to
conceive, when the woman is missing the uterus either from her birth itself or
have been removed through some surgery, when a woman has suffered miscarriages
several times which makes her womb weak to carry a baby, or who have failed
repeated IVF attempts.
In a narrow sense a surrogate mother basically lends her
uterus to another couple in the cases where they are unable to have a baby due
to medical problems leading to various pregnancy risks, but in a broad sense it
is method which has proved to be boon o the various couples because through the
process of surrogacy a couple unable to have a baby then has a hope of having
their child and not ending up being a childless couple. In this process a surrogate is artificially
inseminated with the male partner’s sperm and thus where a woman is infertile
she has no genetic relationship with the baby, known as the traditional
Selecting the surrogate is totally in the hands of the
couple as it is completely going to be related to their child and hence keeping
in mind every aspect including what would affect their child’s health, the
decision-making power is in their hands. Thus, essential criteria fit for being
a surrogate mother includes-
LIFESTYLE OF THE WOMAN – Healthy lifestyle of
the woman who would be carrying the baby of the couple is one of the main
criteria of her being a surrogate. The main concern of the intended parents is
to keep a check whether the surrogate is taking care of her pregnancy in the
way the parents would have taken if they were carrying the child on their own.
Along with healthy lifestyle she should live a stable and a regular lifestyle
in order to become fit for being a surrogate mother which includes not taking
of any kind of drugs without the guidance of the doctor for maintaining the
regular well being of the child.
AGE OF THE WOMAN- For being a surrogate a woman
needs to be at least 21 years old and acceptance of the surrogate mother is
till 38 years of age.
HAS GIVEN BIRTH TO THE CHID- The reason for including
this is that once a woman gives birth to the child it shows that she is able to
become pregnant and establishes fertility.
FINANCIAL STABILITY- The surrogate mother being financially stable
is one of the important aspect and not taking any kind of assistance from the
government. The reason is that, it makes the intention of the surrogate mother
clear that the sole purpose of carrying the baby is not earning money or
receiving the funds from the couple.
BENEFITS OF A SURROGATE MOTHER
After qualifying the various parameters through which a
woman is deemed fit to be accepted as the surrogate mother she is at the stake
of enjoying the several benefits of being a surrogate mother which includes-
SELF SATISFACTION- As the broader meaning of
surrogacy includes helping the childless couple or the person incapable of
conceiving, to have a baby through the process of surrogacy. Being at the
position of helping someone in need, specifically to a woman who is infertile
which can be devastating for many couples, can be source of self-motivation for
a surrogate mother.
EMOTIONAL RELATIONSHIP-The process of sharing
pregnancy with the intended parents builds up the emotional relationship
between them and the surrogate mother. This helps the surrogate to receive a
sense of gratitude from the intended parents as well for the services she has
rendered and from the emotional point of view the debt not in the form of
monetary terms but the gratitude which they hold towards the surrogate.
HEALTH CARE-Proper health care before and
immediately after the pregnancy is provided not at the surrogate’s expenses but
on the expenses of the couple.
MONETARY COMPENSATION- Being a surrogate she
gets the compensation which surpasses the value of compensation she receives on
the account of health care. Financial compensation received varies from case to