medical student is a very challenging thing as medical study is perceived as a
stressful event, and this may affect the cognitive function of students (1).
studies show that medical students face stressful events throughout their course
(2-6). Results of studies suggest that mental health of students get
deteriorated after joining medical school and their grades are poor despite
training and practicing (2).
Medical students had higher depression rates than
the general population, and women students had higher rates than men (1).
The prevalence of stress was estimated in different
studies and their results are 31,2% in 3 British universities study (7), 61,4%
in Thai medical school (8). And 41,9% in a Malaysian medical school (9). The
prevalence of depression among medical student is 12% according to a study in Karolinska
Institute (10). And 12,9% & 2,7% of students made suicidal attempts
according to a Swedish study (1).
Results of two recent studies from Egypt and Saudi
Arabia suggest high rates of anxiety and depression among medical students (11,12).
Stress also varies from year to year throughout the
medical course, among UK
medical students, those in Year 1 were found to have the highest levels of
mental distress (13). Students of medicine at the University of Massachusetts
showed increased stress and depression rates in Years 2 and 4 (2). Thai
students were found to be most stressed in Year 3 (8). These differences might
be due to different curricula, differences in populations studied or to the
different measures used.
An electronic internet-based search failed to
locate any study which compares levels of stress to academic grades in Egypt.
So this study will be carried out to determine
prevalence of stress among medical students and to assess if any of stress
causes is related to gender, academic year, academic grades, regularity of
attendance, and physical problems.
GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
of health and quality of life of medical students.
Determination of prevalence of stress & its levels among medical
Relate levels of stress to gender.
Relate levels of stress to academic years, grades, regularity of
attendance, and physical problems.
Contribution in health promotion of medical students.
Contribution in promotion of medical curriculum.
Study design: Descriptive Cross-sectional study design.
Setting and population: this study will be implemented in
students of kasralainy medical school, Cairo University, Egypt from first year
to sixth year.
Data collection and study tools: A purposive sample of 150 medical
students in each academic year will be included in this study.
Data analysis: All collected questionnaires will be revised for
competences and logical consistency. Data will be coded and entered on a data
sheet prepared on Excel program, and then transposed to the Statistical Package
for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16 for analysis. Data checking will be done
by simple frequencies. Quantitative data are displayed as mean and standard
deviation, while qualitative data will be displayed as percentages.
Ethical Consideration: Verbal
consent will be obtained from the students after explaining the study
objectives. The students are free to withdraw at any time without giving any
reason, Strict confidentiality will be maintained throughout the process of
data collection, entry and analysis.
Time plan: 6 months.
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