Mathematics is the study of topics such
as quantity structure, space and change. It is said that there are
many views that the mathematicians and philosophers about on the exact scope
of mathematics. Mathematics can be
essential in many fields; natural science, engineering, medicine,
finance and the social sciences. Mathematics can be dealing
with the science of structure, order, and relation that has
evolved from elemental practices of counting, measuring, and describing the shapes
of objects, logical reasoning and quantitative calculation, and its development
has involved an increasing degree of idealization and abstraction of its subject matter. In
mathematics you will found such different topics: algebra, trigonometry,
calculus, geometry, combinatorics, logic, number theory and many more.
Students consider Mathematics as a
difficult subject by which it takes patience and persistence also math is not something that
comes intuitively or automatically – it takes plenty of effort. According
to K. Abdul Gafoor & Abidha
Kurukkan study the main reasons for hating mathematics were difficulty in
understanding the subject, poor instruction and demand of more time to grasp,
but even after which they easily forget what is learnt.
who easily give up on solving a simple mathematics problem are the one that is
not ready to take a risk in her/his life. Mathematics is like a life of
individuals, it consist of different problems but still it has always a
solution. In this research, the researcher choose the topic of fractions even
though there are lots of topics in Mathematics. Students will be able to
compute such Mathematical equation involving of fractions. The problem that the
student will solve, will be dealing with the basic operation of fractions;
adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing fraction.
should understand first what fraction is. Fraction is a
numerical quantity that is not whole number. It is also proportion of something.
Numerators and denominators are also used in fractions that are not common, including compound fractions,
complex fractions, and mixed numerals.
In a fraction, the number of equal parts
being described is the numerator
and the type or variety of the parts is the denominator. The numerator represents a number of equal parts, and
the denominator, which cannot be zero, indicates how many of those parts make
up a unit or a whole.
When it comes on solving fractions with
operation of addition, students should prioritize its function. The rule of
adding fraction is that the only like quantities can be added. Unlike
quantities must be converted to like quantities. Students should follow the
rule of it. In subtracting fraction is as same as that adding them; find a
common denominator, and change each fraction to an equivalent fraction with the
chosen common denominator. The resulting fraction will have that denominator,
and its numerator will be result of subtracting the numerator of the original
To multiply fractions, multiply the
numerators and multiply its denominator. In also dividing fractions, divide the
fraction by a whole number, you may either divide the numerator, if it goes
evenly into the numerator, or multiply the denominator by the number.
Through this simple instructions, the
researcher are hoping that it will help those students that will be interested
with this research that they are conducting. The researchers are conducting a
research about the level of performance of grade 8 students in solving
fractions. With the use of questionnaires, the researcher will be able to know
their level of performance on the said field.
Upon conducting this research, the
researcher are assigned to use a quantitative research, so that the researcher
are able to know the percentage of those students that are being confused upon
solving it. Not just that but also study the reasons why the researchers have
that kind of answers or result. Upon this research design, the researcher will
get informed on how was their performance is.
The researchers are conducting such
research not just for our group to pass our project but to know the situation
of every students upon on our topic, know their capability that we are looking
for. After knowing the level of their performance the researchers are looking
for, the researcher will going to recommend something on them so that they will
be able to understand the fraction is. Also on the end of this research, the
researcher are hoping that this research would not help not just us, as the
researcher but also the students, teachers, and other reader that will going to
read our conducted research.