Savannah LeverichBrooklyn Draper and Samijo Kougiolis Movement Fundamentals 24 January 2018 Both Rudolf Laban and Irmgard Bartenieff had an effect on modern dance through their practices. Basics of the movement and dance technique taught today use concepts practiced by both individuals, and most dancers are completely unaware. A few common practices include finding efficiency within the movement, using breath to initiate connectivity throughout the body, and categorizing elements to form works. Laban discovered that the efforts can be used as a theoretical way to spark ideas during the choreographic process, as well as to create ideas through improvisation. Then, years later, Bartenieff combined the Laban’s spatial practices as well as physical therapy to ensure proper functioning.Rudolf Laban was born on December 15th, 1879, in Bratislava, Slovakia. He was born into a family with a father involved with the military. He was traised expected to follow in the footsteps of his father, but soon after he was sent to military school, he knew that he had a passion for the arts. Years and years later Laban traveled around the world sharing his new discoveries and dancing. Laban had a gift for teaching mixed atmospheres of non-movers and movers, which later presented him with an opportunity of a lifetime. At this point in time, Hitler despised Laban’s practices because he was intimidated. too universal and not purely nationalistic. During the mid thirties, over a thousand movers and non-movers as well as the sixty participating choirs gathered to perform after endless rehearsals. As a result, the performance was cancelled ultimately due to the universal aspects and untraditional concepts. Laban’s work took a pause after he fled to Paris, partly to illness. The Laban technique consists of four main components (space, weight, time, and flow). Each component branches into two (direct or indirect, heavy or light, quick or sustained, bound or free). These eight elements provide dancers with the basics to start creating movement. Laban’s eight efforts can be helpful in communicating the quality of a given movement, and in creating the force, attack, and energy expected for the genre or overall theme. Bartenieff was an inspirational lady that dissected the fundamentals of modern dance by studying under Laban. She was born on February 24th, 1900 in Berlin, Germany. She was not only a dancer, but also a choreographer, dance theorist, and physical therapist. Bartenieff was a follower of the Laban practices, and later discovered a new vision of possibilities for movement within the human body as well as overall training. From her experiences learning about the Laban’s practices, she then developed her own set of practices and exercises, known as Bartenieff Fundamentals. Her focus aims more towards patterns of total body connectivity. There are symbols used in Bartenieff fundamentals that pair with the functional concepts of breath, core-distal, and head-tail. The symbols create a practice designed to help with the creative process of choreography and improvisation. In a daily modern technique class there are numerous Laban and Bartenieff concepts practiced without being recognized. Although it is rare for teachers to solely teach classes based off the symbols and concepts of the two; the efforts are still used for a theoretical way to spark ideas during the choreographic process as well as throughout class. Even simple concepts including focus on breath and flow were a huge part of the two’s discoveries. Ultimately, the Laban practices paired with the intelligence and physical expertise from Bartenieff created the fundamentals of movement that changed modern dance.