The 1920’s was a decade marked by significant changes economically, technologically, and politically. The world had just experienced the most important war in the history of our society, World War I, where many Americans and Europeans had fought for their countries in the deadliest conflict of the human history ( At the end of the war, the United States was left almost unharmed and experiencing great prosperity on the rise in cities and towns (Silverstein, 2004). During those years, Americans owned their first cars, and traveling became a common activity. The radios seemed to bring the world closer to the Americans’ homes,  and telephones kept families and friends connected. Rural farmers were migrating to the cities to receive a regular paycheck in the new factories. The United States had become the wealthiest country in the world (Silverstein, 2004).  However, it is important the 1920’s was not only marked by great prosperity, but was also marked by conflicts that influenced the lives of many people in the society. In most societies, men are seen as having the authority and playing the central role in providing and protecting the family. When in the 1920’s first struggles of what are the appropriate roles and responsibilities of women and men start taking place, it seemed to pose a direct threat to the men’s sense of masculinity ( By analyzing the Frances Benjamin Johnston’s  Self-Portrait named “New Woman,” and the satirical photo from 1901, with the caption “New Woman—Wash Day,” I observed that significant changes were happening in the twentieth century. The women pictured challenged the traditional role of women in the Victorian era because they disobey the conventional gender norms ( The New Woman participates in activities considered male activities such as smoking, drinking, and are also owners of their own houses. After analyzing the portraits, it is clear that the authors focus on portraying strong and independent women, as they indeed were.   Whatever their views or beliefs, women in 1920’s were enjoying mass-production consumer economy and were being profoundly influenced by advertising campaigns via magazines, newspapers,  radio, and movies  (Alchin, 2018). Important decisions such as the 19th Amendment —passed by Congress on June 4, 1919, and ratified on August 18, 1920— gave the women the right to vote. The ‘New Woman’ of the 1920’s had conquested Women’s Suffrage, started having permission to obtaining college degrees, and went back to work (Alchin, 2018). In the United States, the percentage of women on workforce increased from 6.4% in 1870 to 13.3% in 1920 (  Analyzing the material that shows the influence of one of the most brilliant designers and businesswoman in the twentieth century, Coco Chanel, we can notice radical changes in fashion at that period. Coco Chanel introduced a whole new concept in fashion, that abandoned the restrictive Victorian styles (labellegarconne, 2012). Corset looks were gradually disappearing being replaced with shorter, loser garments. Women started wrapping their breasts to make them disappear, and also embraced shorter, boyish hairstyles that symbolized the modern and independent woman. As a result of the masculine trends, the progressive French woman of the decade was considered “la garçonne” which in French means “boy” with a feminine suffix (labellegarconne, 2012). The 1920’s was marked by deep cultural conflict.The New Woman movement was essential to help the women to abandon social taboos that said that women should not drink, smoke or become sexually active. The artwork demonstrated the changes that were occurring during the decade. Women were no longer submissive to the male-dominated. Instead, they became strong, independent, and accomplished women that fought for essential rights such as the Women’s Suffrage. In the twentieth century, women achieved their freedom and equality in social life.