William Shakespeare was very famous writers even until now. He was an English poet, dramatist, and also an actor. He was known as the greatest dramatist all the time and called English national poet. Shakespeare was born at Stratford, a market town on the river Avon in warwickshire on April 23, 1564. He was the third child of eight children of John Shakespeare. His father, John Shakespeare, was has more than one occupation like a butcher, a glover and a farmer. And Mary Arden, his mother, was a daughter of the landowner. Shakespeare allegedly attended a grammar school in the town. Education at Stratford school was based on Latin grammar, rhetoric and composition. He was learned about how to read, write, and speak the language well and studying some of the Classic history, moralists, and poets. And it was forbidden to speak English in the upper forms. At fifteen years old, Shakespeare left school. He did not go to the University. And at eighteen he married Anne Hathaway, who was from Shottery, a small village a mile west of Stratford. Anne was eight years older than him. So, Anne was 26 years old at that time. They married on November 28, 1582 in Worcester, in Canterbury Province. Their first child born on May 26, 1583, they named her Susanna. And two years later their twins was born, Hamnet and Judith, on February 2, 1585. But then Hamnet was died in age 11, the cause of his death was unknown. After the born of his twins, in the same year Shakespeare was suddenly disappear from public until 1592, the year when his works showed on the London stage for the first time. People called his disappear in these seven years as “Shakespeare’s Lost Years”. No one knew about the sure date but William Shakespeare was showed is play for the first time on the London stage in 1592. There, his plays were written and performed. After 1594, his plays just performed to a company that owned by a group of actors (Lord Chamberlain’s Men), which became one of the greatest companies in London. In 1599 Shakespeare, with the players that acted in his play, created his own theatre on the River Thames and it was called the Globe Theatre. His career went increasingly. Shakespeare was succeeded in acting and also as a playwright. He worked with his team in the Globe Theatre until 1610. In the same year Shakespeare was retired from working on the stage. After that, he spent the most of his time in Stratford. William Shakespeare was probably died on April 23, 1616, on his 52nd Birthday. Then, two days later he was buried at the Holy Trinity Church in Stratford on April 25. William Shakespeare was a great writer. He known wrote 37 plays in the different categories. His plays generally divided into three categories as comedy, tragedy and history. First is Shakespeare’s comedy. It usually has a happy ending. It could be about two people who love each other but have many problems in their relationship. His plays that included into comedy category are: All’s Well That Ends Well, As You Like It, The Comedy of Errors, Cymbeline, Love’s Labours Lost, Measure for Measure, The Merry Wives of Windsor, The Merchant of Venice, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Much Ado About Nothing, Pericles, Prince of Tyre, Taming of the Shrew, The Tempest, Troilus and Cressida, Twelfth Night, Two Gentlemen of Verona, Winter’s Tale. Then, the second is Shakespeare’s tragedy. In this plays usually contain the death of the main or the important character in the story, the character has a bad social life or being ignore in society. His plays that included into tragedy category are: Antony and Cleopatra, Coriolanus, Hamlet, Julius Caesar, King Lear, Macbeth, Othello, Romeo and Juliet, Timon of Athens, Titus Andronicus. The third is Shakespeare’s history. This kind of plays is focus to tell about the kingdom life and usually based on the true condition of the age of Elizabeth. His plays that included into history category are: Henry IV (parts I and II), Henry V, Henry VI (parts I, II and III), Henry VIII, King John, Richard II, Richard III. And there are also his poetry such as: The Sonnets, A Lover’s Complaint, The Rape of Lucrece, Funeral Elegy by W.S., Venus and Adonis. The historical background of Elizabethan age was also affected to the works of William Shakespeare. The age of Elizabeth is the era of settlement and expansion. In this era the state of politics and religion were stable. Even though there are dynastic problem, but that was not a big problem that can made a serious trouble or chaos. The settlement in this era was gave a good impact to the literary works of the writers, including Shakespeare. Moreover the Queen Elizabeth also gave a big support in literature, so he has more chance to make a good quality of literary works. And he also can develop a comedy and tragedy, his works didn’t just about war. There was no big problem that could cause a war in this age. Whereas in this era there a so many expansion, not only the area but also the knowledge. An intellectual of people were increase so much, so it gave a good effect to produce a better quality of literature.